The Agonizing condition of Islamic society in the Umayyad rule
The Agonizing condition of Islamic
society in the Umayyad rule
It is written in the book ‘Israeliyaat wa Tatheer e Aan…’:
“To understand the unfortunate condition of Islamic society under the Umayyad rule, it is sufficient to pay attention to the statement of ‘Jorji Zaidan’ who says:
‘Christians used to enter the mosques in the Umayyad rule and were not restricted by anyone. Akhtal, a Christian Arab poet, used to visit Abdul Malik bin Marwan without seeking permission in a drunken state and wore a cross in his neck while no one objected to this because he used to insult the companions and followers of the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) in a more pleasing poetic form”.
It has mentioned in history that: A Christian named ‘Patrick Yohanna e Damishqi’ resided with his father in the palace of Abdul Malik bin Marwan. He was considered as the initiator of the movement against the Islamic culture and he did not feel reluctant in infusing any sort of conflict and false belief between the Muslims. He wrote a book for the Christians that made them well equipped against the Islamic preaching.
He was the actual propagator of the fictional story of love between the Prophet (p.b.u.h.) and his paternal cousin Zainab bint e Jahash.
Some of the Umayyad caliphs were seeking an opportunity to depict that their names are mentioned in the former heavenly books by seeking help from the ‘People of the book’ or urging them to make such statements with respect to the agreement of mutual benefits they made with them. This was significant for the purpose of portraying the legitimacy of their rule and for approving the actions of a Caliph by associating God’s will to it.
 Tareekh e Tamaddun e Islami: 745
 Turath ul-Islam: 1/275; narrated from ‘Israeliyat wa Atharuha fi Kutub at-Tafaseer: 429
 Tareekh e Siyasi e Islam: 2/735 and 736
 Tareekh ul Khulafa: 243
 Same: 263
 Israeliyat wa Tatheer e Aan bar Dastaanhaye Ambiya dar Tafaseer e Qur’an: 81